Hot flushes are one of the most common and troublesome symptoms of menopause, but they can be managed effectively with an informed and targeted approach. What causes hot flushes? In this article, we provide an accurate overview, addressing the main aspects, from the causes to the most effective treatments.

What hot flushes are

Hot flushes are sudden increases in body temperature, often accompanied by redness and sweating, which can affect menopausal women but may also occur in other stages of life. It is a condition mainly experienced by women, although in some cases it also affects men. Episodes can vary in intensity and duration, with a significant impact on the quality of life of the people affected.

For women going through menopause, these manifestations tend to be particularly strong in the faceneck and chest area, leading to evident skin redness. They are often accompanied by an increase in heartbeat and heavy sweating, which can be followed by a feeling of intense cold. Their frequency may differ considerably between individuals; they usually occur for a short period of time (a few minutes) and are most likely at night.

Causes of hot flushes

The precise origin of hot flushes is still uncertain, but it is believed that the main factors involved are the hormonal changes typical of menopause and an increased sensitivity in the body’s thermal regulation system, which responds more intensely to minimal changes. Fluctuations in hormone levels can also affect men, especially through an age-related decline in the levels of testosterone and androgens. This can be linked to specific medical conditions such as hyperthyroidismcancer of the prostate, of the hypothalamus or of the pituitary gland. In addition, cancer treatments can cause hot flushes. These episodes are intimately linked to the menopause, a phase of change in women’s lives marked by a fall in hormone levels, especially oestrogen, which alters the body’s ability to maintain its temperature stable, causing the typical flushing. Other elements, such as lifestyle, diet and stress, along with specific medical conditions, can contribute to their occurrence.

Conditions that may be associated with hot flushes

The conditions that may be associated with hot flushes are:

  • osteoporosis;
  • panic attack;
  • prostate cancer;
  • couperose;
  • hyperthyroidism;
  • rosacea;
  • testicular cancer.

The above are examples and not a complete list. To investigate the causes of hot flushes, women should speak to their doctor so as to understand the origin of the symptoms, especially when multiple combinations are present, such as in the case of osteoporosis during menopause.

Best remedies for managing hot flushes

The treatment for hot flushes may vary from natural approaches and lifestyle changes to hormone replacement therapies, depending on the severity and frequency of episodes. Doctors can suggest different treatment pathways, such as gynaecological supplements, which can help manage symptoms naturally.

To calm hot flushes, it also helps to follow a balanced diet, reduce caffeine and alcohol consumption, exercise regularly and find a solution to reduce and manage stress. Some supplements, such as Afragil by Cor.Con. International, may provide natural relief and support during this transition period.

Afragil is a nutritional supplement designed for gynaecological well-being, useful in counteracting the effect of oxidative stress and mitigating menopause-associated disorders, such as hot flushes. This product contains a balanced formula that includes calcium, vitamin D3, vitamin C, lycopene extracted from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), astaxanthin obtained from Haematococcus pluvialis and orange bioflavonoids (Citrus Sinensis). The food supplement contributes to proper energy metabolism function and normal neurotransmission through calcium. It also supports muscle and bone health, regulates calcium levels in the blood and promotes adequate calcium and phosphorus assimilation thanks to vitamin D3. It also protects cells from the harmful action of oxidative stress via vitamin C and plant extracts.1

The Afragil formulation, which includes lycopene and astaxanthin, is designed to provide effective cellular protection against oxidative stress2. It is therefore a valuable ally in the day-to-day management of numerous symptoms and promotes the well-being of women.


1.         As defined by EU Regulation 1924/2006 EFSA.

2.         As regulated by the Ministerial Decree of 10 August 2018 (BELFRIT) Annex 1 and in accordance with Directive 2002/46/EC.